The fresh new people of one’s Yakans is much like the newest Tausugs. The inner base lies on the spirit regarding martabat. To your outside top, religious organization instance masjid and you can madrasa, artifacts together with vast number regarding Yakan gurus, ulema, political figures and fighters strengthened then the strength of the newest Yakan community. Those two fundamentals was firmly rooted in the heart of the brand new Yakans. This is certainly their actual electricity. The trouble of the Yakans now is to try to point their young age group to say their liberties and develop count on in their one another situation and you will low-procedure culture.
The fresh Sama identity derived from the term sama-sama and thus togetherness otherwise cumulative work
6. The latest Sama. The latest Sama men and women are extremely spread and you can scattered regarding Sulu Archipelago. They are geographically varied by way of the experience of maritime points and you may angling. Discover four sandwich-groups that comprise the new Sama anybody. Helping each other is recognized as norm of Sama somebody. Within the Sama category is the Badjao known as the sea-gypsies away from Sulu Archipelago and Celebes ocean. In the Malaysia, they are titled Orang Laut. All of these definitions indicate him or her as actually ship individuals. It constantly change from that area to a different, living in their small-boat to own weeks if you don’t weeks without mooring or arriving at urban area to order their requirements. This new Badjao don’t introduce a permanent area for instance the Arab and the Cossacks from inside the central China. They have not capable develop a political organization that improve their cumulative notice of the community. The public business do not method possibly the level of a beneficial clan, in ways, because they do not have accepted society leader. Its societal build is leveled. Rich anybody otherwise elitism is totally missing for the Badjao neighborhood. All of them get into the indegent strata. Household members construction is the only component that helps make the Badjao neighborhood it is possible to. Positions and you may requirements is allocated to all of the member on moms and dads right down to their children, in the adult to the youngsters. The father will act as leader; the mother accounts for preparing; children gather flames trees from the coastal parts, and assists assemble sea food and you will bring liquid. While the noticed, the whole Badjao nearest and dearest constitutes along with the monetary product, for example, them need https://datingranking.net/tr/mature-quality-singles-inceleme/ to interact (sama-sama) because of their emergency.
The Badjao people telephone call on their own Sama Laut
Impoverishment and you can backwardness could be the two earliest situations that provides all the Badjao family relations regarding sending their children to college. Youngsters are requisite home or must compliment its moms and dads in search of the each and every day sustenance. This is why new Badjao community suffers a high illiteracy price. Less than 1 percent can browse the Qur’an or Roman alphabet. The expose updates keeps deteriorated. They are extremely confronted with the brand new oppression out-of Tausug warlords. They could be cheated in certain financial activities. Minimal reward otherwise payment are provided for their labor, and you may low cost because of their commodities, such as lobsters and you may seafood.
The brand new Sama those who inhabited Tawi-Tawi are called from the the host to home. Thus, you have the Sama Balimbing, Sama Simunul or Sama Sibutu. This type of teams boast of being the foundation of the many Sama sub-groups thrown regarding the Sulu Archipelago. They inhabited most top isles regarding Tawi-Tawi. During mainland new Sama focus is restricted to help you Balimbing and Sapa-Sapa. These people have a higher rate of literacy rates compared to most other Sama sub-category. Higher institutional discovering is also available for instance the MSU-Tawi-Tawi and Tawi-Tawi Local Farming College or university (TRAC). Most major authorities ranks take place from the Sama. Including the Tausugs, the Sama are exposed to almost all fields of punishment and extremely common to locate them within the national firms occupying secret positions.